Your very acceptable and thoughtful Xmas box came quite safely and has been conferted and gone to reduce our most pressing obligations affording us gratification and relief and fixing a thankfulness to you for such assistance –
We hope the weather at least helps to prepare you for a cheerful time shortly which will have passed and become history by the time this reaches you. It certainly doesn’t smile here for today a dark dirty fog envelopes everything around and is accompanied by falling snow and sleet which makes everything cold damp dreary and desolate. We hope this description of climate is now prevailing with you and from your several allusions to the climactic conditions on your side we are consoling ourselves that there are some members of our family who are at least better off as regards weather which is always competent to reuse a lower one to cheers depress and makes the
Existence corresponding by pleasant or intolerable. We had a fairly indulged autumn up to the last week or two so we suppose the inferior and faulty specimens which appear to have been reserved for a contrast we have to be home, if with a grin
You will have by this time my letter to you respecting spicer’s overture as to you acing for them in Victoria + distric on salary and com + shall be f which will come to get you news in answer to is which will come I dare say in comm
Say when you next write after receiving this whether you would recommend a despatch of “asbestos fire proof” paint to you. The Asbestos co have divided themselves into two sections latetly, the asbestos will in the future receive district attention from the paint department and the latter will be under the managing directors control, Mountford of Clement S Birm the same who sent out some paint some time since but which didn’t
Reach you. In the paint department many improvements have been effected and it is now made in all colours the form of paint still provides for out door rough work and the improved is prepared for indoors dados friezes and decorative purposes whilst it is claimed for it great resisting power as to fire or water. It can be met over other paint if necessary. For warehouses churches, hospitals, offices, repositories of art + shipbuilding as a safeguard against fire at sea it is of great value.
Mr Cutler who has been in costly litigation with the Mayor +c of Windsor as to the value of the waterworks at Eton which has been take over by that body (council) subject to arbitration as to compensation for same has last week in the House of Lords lost his compensation and has been saddled with the heavy costs. We are sorry it is so.
We are all pretty well some [illegible] your mother is I am happy to say better she was very unwell a fortnight since from overwork and chill and kept her bed for a few days which rest with
Good nursing mainly no doubt helped her very much. Ask Ernest to attend to the small charge on the Cyanite freight as Mr Evans of the CPR 88 command wishes it promptly paid + I have not paid it because Ernest told me not to do so and I have informed Mr Evans that my sons with to carry the preliminaries themselves so as to form a precedent for our future – a big future I trust.
We rejoice you write hopefully and quite think more + more that you are all better off and likely to be more so than if you had remained in England. The Commercial features here are atrociously bad, lifeless
We have in store the plum pudding boiled yesterday and they gave me a taste last evening for tea + my word they are toothsome. In 10 daysnow (Dr) we shall all be keeping Xmas and the mental telegrams to + fro will be doubtless frequent + festive in memory as in days gone by.
Your mother has had a nice long letter from Mrs Ernest with which she is much pleased and will write back in a few days.
Hoping you are all well + happy together.
Your Affectionate father.
Mrs Ernest – wife of Ernest Paulin, Emma Jane Jennings – already in Victoria
Mr Cutler is Mary Cutler Paulin’s brother William Henry Cutler, who inherited the Windsor and Eton Waterworks from their father John Cutler in 1843. The waterworks were taken over by the city of Windsor, and the letter talks about the fight for compensation which reached the House of Lords
This is the first post for the Paulin(e) Family Blog. Hot on the heels of a most wonderful family reunion held in Victoria, BC in July 2019, the idea of a place where the descendants of Frederick and Mary Paulin (also known as Pauline) could bring together their stories, photographs, questions and so forth.
I have created pages for each of the 13 children of Frederick and Mary which will eventually include all basic biographical information, and then add photos, documents and so forth as they are discovered.
Enjoy, participate, and enjoy some more. This is a collaborative effort so please feel free to contact me with information, questions, comments, etc.
Paulin(e) Family at Tod House, 2019. Photo by Mary Homer.
An Invitation to all to attend the Electrical Fountain dedication ceremony Dominion Day 8:30pm
A fitting tribute to half a century of progress bursts into life
Mayor Fred J Hume
President of Hume and Rumble Ltd, electrical contractors, Mayor Fred J Hume is one of the best-known and most popular residents of New Westminster. He has given freely of his time, energy and money in his city’s behalf.
Mayor Hume has always fostered athletics in the Royal City, and is president of the Salmon-bellies Lacrosse Club.
He has been interested in the city’s affairs always, and for 11 years has held civic posts as alderman and mayor.
Three years ago he was first elected mayor, and in the past two years has not been opposed, the people preferring that he remain as their chief magistrate.
He is also the unanimous choice of the city council.
His most recent good work on New Westminster’s behalf was a real achievement. Presenting good reasons for his argument, he requested a grant of $50,000 from the CPR to the Royal City as settlement of a moral obligation incurred fifty years ago.
The money was paid at a banquet in Mayor Hume’s honour last Friday.
The firm of which he is president has been in existence 18 years, rising from a small shop in New Westminster to one that has transacted $5 millions worth of business.
Mayor Hume and Charles P Rumber, secretary-treasurer, first invested $500 each. Within a few years they had expanded and moved to Vancouver, present offices being located in the Standard Bank Building. The annual payroll fluctuates between $64.000 and $200,000.
Charles P Rumble
Sec-Treas, Hume & Rumble Ltd
Mr Charles P Rumble is secretary-treasurer of the well-known firm of Hume & Rumble Ltd electrical contractors, who handled the contract for building of Vancouver’s new electric fountain in Lost Lagoon. This construction job is unique in many ways, but is a small one compared with many that the Hume & Rumble firm has handled in British Columbia.
Here are a few of the wiring jobs done and being done by the electrical contracting company: Construction of power and telephone lines from Bridge River to Bralorne and from Bralorne to the Pacific Great Eastern; CNR Hotel; telephone line from Horseshoe Bay to Squamish; steel tower line and pole line from Lake Buntzen to Ioco.
Transmission line from Nanaimo to Duncan and from Scott Road to Crescent Beach; Second Narrows Bridge, flood lighting; Shell Oil service stations; Pacific Coast Terminals; Empress Hotel, Victoria; University buildings; Vancouver department stores; movietone equipment in 25 BC theatres.
These and numberless other huge tasks have been completed by the Hume & Rumble Company. The firm has laid considerably more than 60,000 miles of wire in British Columbia for power, light and telephone purposes.
The company is working on the new Vancouver Post Office building, new Vancouver City Hall, the TB Wing of Vancouver General Hospital, the Standard Oil plant, Burnaby; transmission lines for British Pacific Properties, West Vancouver, and miles of power lines throughout British Columbia.
Dazzling, scintillating, jewel-like, a poem of smooth-flowing motion and ever-changing colour in setting of natural grandeur – that’s Vancouver’s newest and finest acquisition – the fountain in Lost Lagoon. All Vancouver is expected to turn out to the official opening at 8:30 pm, Dominion Day.
The fountain is worthy of all the traditions of art, worthy of Vancouver’s Golden Jubilee, and will be a permanent, decorative joy in lovely Stanley Park.
It’s a type of fountain never before constructed in Canada, and its cost, $35,000, when compared with the cost of other similar structures in the world, is a credit to the Jubilee Committee and to Hume & Rumble Ltd, electrical contractors, who are handling construction.
When operating, it is like a symphony concert, in motion and colour instead of music, says HaroldWilliams, engineer, of Hume & Rumble Ltd, under whose personal supervision the work has been done.
Lovers of beauty in Vancouver, and they number many, will be entranced by the glory of the seemingly magic display, which will be seen for the first time Wednesday night.
The fountain is not just a block of cement with a few water jets and lights attached. It’s a power and light plant in itself. The latest electrical control is employed.
At night, it is illuminated by more than 60,000 watts of electrical energy. In addition to the variety of colored floodlights concealed under water in the two bowls, which are operated in a predetermined colour cycle, the colour combination are changed by thermionic tube control.
Blending of the tints will be gradual and subtle there are 60 circuits, each controlling one floodlight.
This control is unique in Canada, this being the first time the new thermionic tube has been used to control such a variety of operations.
A synchronous motor-driven flasher regulates the water and some of the lighting effects. The motor has two drums – the first with a period of 20 seconds for the lights on the main jet and the second for a master control for the water effects with a period of 300 seconds.
Other lighting is controlled by a reactor dimming equipment, which blends and shades the various colours in numberless combinations to bring about the never-ceasing change of program.
This in turn is under control of a manual master regulator or a full automatic mobile lighting unit. The entire lot of electrical equipment is used to provide:
Motive power for the pumps
Manual and automatic control of light and water effects
Films with copper strips, each representing a certain group of lights of different colours, revolve on two drums. The amount of light and kind of light is thus controlled. These films are much similar in size to those used in an ordinary camera, but carry a metal conducting braid.
This film type regulator is used to ensure a definite, pre-determined program, which in the case of Vancouver’s fountain consists of three sets of eight films, capable of giving two and a half billion effects. The potential picked up by the braid on the film depends on the lateral position of the braid. A straight run of braid on one side of the film produces full intensity in the lighting circuit, and if the braid slopes gradually toward the opposite side, the lighting is dimmed.
Rate of change in light intensity may be made rapid or gradual.
Electrically operated valves regulate the flow of water from the jets in similar manner. The pumps are driven by two electric motors – one 25 hp capacity, the other 10 hp. The two are capable of throwing 950 gallons of water per minute, but will not operate to full capacity.
Water is pumped from the lagoon, and special filters attached to the suction nozzles keep out dirt and other impurities.
The main jet, in the centre of the smaller top bowl, will throw a stream of water 90 feet in the air, according to Mr Williams.
Indicating the scope of the effects possible with this fountain, Mr Williams points to the fact that there are 810 small jets to throw water. All of this is operated by remote control. Four switches are mounted in a special box on a light pole ashore and the current is carried out to the fountain by submarine cable. By these switches, the water jets and lights are turned on and off.
Each light is submerged and current is fed to it by waterproof wiring connections. All the water piping is in copper and brass, evidence as to the permanence of the structure.
Electrical equipment is mounted in a control room under the main lower bowl. This room is water tight, but an automatic sump pump has been installed to guard against possibility of seepage, for water would put the delicate apparatus out of running in double-quick time.
There are also special red light alarms ashore which will flash if anything goes wrong with the pump.
The fountain is situated near the centre of Lost Lagoon at the entrance to Stanley Park. It is octagonal in shape, maximum width 38 feet. The central basin or bowl is 14 feet wide, and rises three feet above the level of the lower, larger one. The whole is supported on fifty-two 45 foot by 16 inch wooden piles and the weight of water in the basins is approximately 82 tons.
Jets and streams of water are projected upwards and inwards to provide individual vertical dome-shaped sprays.
Vancouver’s Jubilee Committee and private citizens who contributed are to be commended on their work in pushing for this beautiful fountain, which is sure to be one of the major attractions during Golden Jubilee celebration.
Less than two and a half months ago the job was started by Hume & Rumble Ltd, assisted by Canadian Westinghouse Co Ltd, represented by TH Crosby, engineer.
“We’ve had to hurry,” says Mr Williams, “in that time 285 tons of cement have been utilized and all the special equipment was built.” All equipment was built in Canada and the pumps were constructed in Vancouver. All union labour was employed.
Williams – On August 11, 1953, in hospital, Robert Henry Williams of New Westminster, in his 82nd year. Survived by his wife, 2 sons and 1 daughter, RH Williams and Mrs WF Smythe, Vancouver; CF (Chuck) Williams, New Westminster; 9 grandchildren; 1 great-grandson; 1 sister, Miss Rose Williams, West Vancouver. Funeral service, Thursday August 13 at 3 pm, in the Funeral Home of S Bowell & Sons, Rev AC Hamill officiating. Internment New Fraser Cemetery.
Mr and Mrs Charles F Gardiner last evening celebrated the twenty-fifth anniversary of their wedding. They were married, as the news of twenty-five years ago, in another column, narrates, on the evening of Sept 10, 1890, in Christ Church Cathedral. The bride was Miss Amy Pauline, who still resides here. Her bridesmaids were Miss AF Gardiner, sister of the groom, and Misses Florence, Violet, Sarah, Marion and Nellie Pauline, her sisters. CP Lowe was the best man and Harold Pauline was page. The ceremony was performed by Rev Henry Kingham, a brother of Joshua Kingham and Mrs EG Miller.
“Scolosaurus Cutleri”: This fossilized dinosaur, one of the finest specimens of its kind in the world, was found in Alberta and is now in the reptile section of the Natural History Museum, South Kensington. It has never before been photographed adequately, but “The Sphere” has been able to obtain the pictures shown on this page with the help of the authorities who had the heavy glass panelling removed from the great showcase in which the monster is placed.
By Dr WE Swinton, FRSE (of the Reptile Section of the Natural History Museum, South Kensington)
The remains of this dinosaur were found, in 1914, by the late Mr. WE Cutler in the Upper Cretaceous sandstones half-way up a 400 ft high cliff bordering the Red Deer River in Dead Lodge Canyon, Alberta. Mr. Cutler was working for the Trustees of the British Museum and this sandstone slab with its bony content arrived with other material in London in 1915. On account of the War its preparation was delayed until 1919 when Mr. LE Parsons, one of the preparators, returned to his more peaceful vocation.
The removal of the matrix, or stony covering, from the bones was completed on one side and it was decided to continue the process on the other side and so have the whole skeleton free. During this second operation the preparator noticed a thin brown layer of sandstone with a more or less regular ornamentation, which proved after further investigation to be the imprint of the original skin. The skin itself has long since perished, but here, faithfully reproduced, was its cast. Plans were accordingly altered and this trace of the epidermis was slowly and very carefully followed until the whole of the back of the dinosaur was exposed. Thus, as the dinosaur now mounted on its side for better display, there can be seen the whole of the armoured back and, on the other side, as much of the skeleton as could be developed.
The armour in the skin is particularly well developed and of great interest. The neck is protected by transverse strips of bone separated by a short strip of flexible skin charged with bony granules. Together these strips are shaped rather like a skull, and unfortunately, they were so identified by the collector. Actually, the skull is missing, and probably remains on that canyon cliff separated from its exiled companion complement by “a waste of seas.”
Behind the neck plates is a considerable area of the flexible granular skin which is indented on each side where the arms meet the body. Behind this there are four transverse strips of bone, each 10 in from back to front, and all separated by narrow belts of flexible skin. Thus, the front part of the body was protected by these four belts of armour and the neck plates. The hinder half is covered by a large plate of bone apparently formed by the fusion of three transverse and inflexible strips, with traces of polygonal scutes. This buckler, or “lumbar shield” is a feature known in several other dinosaurs. The tail was apparently covered by five alternating and polygonally marked segments separated by the usual thin strips of flexible skin.
Upon this segmented cuirass were placed spines, plates and bosses of bone arranged symmetrically. There were two spikes on each side of the neck (as can be seen in the model), three longitudinal rows of somewhat flatter spikes on each side of the body, two rows on each side of the tail, and on the last segment but one of the tail, two enormous spikes. The spikes on the neck were about 6 in high, but all of them no doubt during the animal’s lifetime a horny covering which would make them even more impressive and much sharper. A whole battery of sharp spikes protected the upper arms. Between the spikes are polygonal plates of bone, and elsewhere the skin is loaded with little ossicles.
Although the tail is thick and apparently unwieldy the only conceivable purpose of its tail-spikes is for offence or defence, and probably was used like a crusader’s mace.
The front legs are shorter than the hind, and the animal walked with the elbows and knees stuck out from the body and the feet wide apart. It must, therefore, have resembled a large, broad, and low tortoise with a spiky shell and a long tail: a sort of animated tank armed against its great flesh-eating contemporaries. The total length is 18 ft, the breadth 8 ft, and the estimated weight not less than 2 tons.
The late Baron Nopsca maintained that it was insectivorous, and he calculated that it probably ate 7,000 beetles and grasshoppers a week. Probably it slipped into the river and was drowned, the immense weight of its armour pulling it down and capsizing it. Lodged on some sandbank the carcase decayed, and a plane leaf actually blew on to it and was preserved. Eventually it became silted over and fossilized, to lie entombed for 75,000,000 years.
From London comes the news of the formal announcement there of the engagement of Miss Sarah Talbot Kavanagh, daughter of Mr and Mrs William K Kavanagh of St Louis, to Walter Valentine Churchill Longman, son of the late HB Churchill Longman of London, England. Mrs Kavanaugh and her daughter went abroad last spring it was while they were visiting Sir Robert and Lady Hadfield and Lady Hadfield’s sister, Miss Lily Wickersham of Pittsburg, in London, that Miss Kavanaugh and Mr Churchill Longman met. Mrs Kavanaugh and her daughter, who have been in Berlin since August, are now in London, where Mr Kavanaugh and his son J Boggs Kavanaugh have joined them for the wedding, which will take place there in April.
St Louis Post Dispatch, 23 April 1936
Announcement has come from England of the engagement of Miss Valeria Churchill Longman of Ash, Canterbury, daughter of Major WV Churchill Longman and Mrs BC Moody, and Neil Abercrombie of Sandwich Kent, son of Prof and Mrs Patrick Abercrombie. Miss Churchill Longman is the granddaughter of the late William K Kavanaugh of this city, and is related to Mrs Taylor Bryan, 4346 McPherson avenue; Miss Mary, Miss Sunie and Miss Martha Clark, 5129 Washington boulevard, and Mrs Lee Hagerman of the Lucerne Apartments. The bride to be came to America several years ago to visit relatives, and stayed with her late grandfather in St Louis.
London – Walter Valentine Churchill Longman, 45 year-old ex-Major, walked out of the London Bankruptcy Court after his first meeting of creditors and said: “I am and always will be a perfect optimist.”
When Mr Churchill Longman was 31 and serving in the Regular Army in France – he inherited L20,000 from his father.
The war ended, and he received his first cheque. Within three years every penny had been lost in high living and gambling.
L70 Hotel Bills
“It was wonderful,” he said. “My hotel bills were never less than L70 a week.
“In those days in the West End I was considered a fine fellow. I was welcome at all the gambling parties. I lost as much as L1600 in a night on the turn of the cards.”
“Night after night I played for high stakes, and got back to my rooms with the milk in time for a bath and a quick breakfast in the morning. Then on to some fashionable gathering.
“I told the court that I had live a life of idleness for the past 15 years. I have, I suppose, but all the same I have tried to obtain work.
Failed in 1925
Mr Churchill Longman had also told the Assistant Official Receiver, Mr CT Newman,” that for the past 13 years he had been living on an allowance of L300 a year from his family.
He admitted a previous failure in 1925, with liabilities of L5000 and assets of L57.
The Assistant Official Receiver made an application for an adjudication in bankruptcy. Mr Churchill Longman opposed it, and said he hoped friends or relatives would settle his liabilities in full.
As he left Mr Churchill Longman said: “One of these days I shall be recognized again as a good spender. So why worry now?”
Victoria friends will be interested in the announcement that Mr Benedict Bantly and Mrs Nellie Hickey were married in Burlingame, Calif on July 18.
Now on an extended honeymoon, Mr and Mrs Bantly will spend a brief time in Victoria Friday, arriving on the Seattle boat at noon and leaving again on the afternoon boat for Vancouver, en route to England.
Both wedding principals are well known here, Mrs Bantly being the former Miss Nellie Pauline of Victoria, and Mr Bantly being one of the city’s outstanding music teachers some years ago.
The $4200 annual pension paid by the province to FA Pauline of Victoria, former agent general in London for British Columbia was vigorously attacked in the Legislature last night by two CCF Members, and as vigorously defended by two Liberal members before the legislature voted for it. Conservative members took no part in the debate. The act providing the pension was placed on the statute books by a Conservative administration.
Samuel Guthrie, CCF, Cowichan-Newcostle, opened the argument as the House discussed estimates of the provincial secretary’s department.
In his constituency Mr Guthrie said, were many persons who were intimately examined by welfare and relief workers to see if they grew cabbages or potatoes, or had a few chickens. Yet as far as he knew no one looked into the details of Mr Pauline’s life or the lives of this family.
“Why should this gentleman be in receipt of such a large pension when so many of our people are living on the verge of starvation?” Mr Guthrie asked.
“You’re not blaming this government for it, are you?” asked EC Henniger, Liberal, Grand Forks – Greenwood.
“I most certainly am,” Mr Guthrie replied. “I know full well a Conservative government granted it, but it this government that is paying him now.”
HGT Perry, Liberal, Fort George, said Mr Guthrie could bring in an act to abolish the pension. Mr Guthrie said no act of his would do away with the pension “to this friend of the Liberal Party.”
Premier Pattullo, joining the fray, recalled he, as leader of the opposition, had objected most strenuously to the act.
“I didn’t think it proper, but there are now reasons why it shouldn’t be stopped – I’m not going into them, but there are many reasons why it should not be interfered with,” the Premier said.
He said no doubt Mr Pauline had hypothecated his pension and that the government of the day had thought his services sufficiently of value to give him the “Honorarium”
Have you asked this gentleman’s sons or daughters to support him,” queried Mr Guthrie.
Mr Perry said the late Premier Tolmie evidently had an extremely generous nature when he brought in act for such an expansion. FP Burden, who followed Mr Pauline in London, certainly was as much entitled to a pension as Mr Pauline, he said, although he was not suggesting such a pension be provided.
SANCTITY OF CONTRACT
“But it is wise to remember this – this act was passed by the Legislature, and although the present Premier opposed it, it was passed, and is now on the statute books. It would be unwise to repeal it now. It is not an ordinary law, it is more a contract, it has the sanctity of a treaty,” Mr Perry said.
Mrs DG Steeves, CCF North Vancouver, said sanctity of contract had nothing to do with the case. She recalled mothers’ pensions had been cut without members worrying about sanctity of contracts, and many mothers had done more for their country than the gentleman in question.
“When I hear this talk about sanctity of contract I think of Mr Bumble who said “the law is an ass,” and I think it is an ass,” Mr Guthrie said.
Mr Pauline receives his pension under “an act to provide for the payment of an allowance to Frederick Arthur Pauline.”
Mr Pauline at one time was Liberal MPP for Saanich and was agent-general in London when the Tolmie government took over office in 1928.
When Frederick A Pauline went to London as British Columbia’s Agent-General six years ago he renewed an association stretched across a gap of more than forty years. He was born at Henley-on-Thames, educated at St Mary’s College, Peckham Rye, and came to try his luck in Canada as far back as 1883. Now, “after many years spent largely depicting the wonders of this province, its might mountains and fertile valleys, its great lakes and noble rivers, its forest wealth and mineral riches, its fish, its fruit and scenic beauties,” he has returned to that part of Canada in which he first made his home nearly half a century ago.
Victoria extends a hearty welcome to Mr Pauline on his arrival home. Our citizens will wish him long years of health and comfort. He has been an excellent Agent-General; he provide himself to be a very worthy successor to the able officials who preceded him. It is not always possible to assess the value of work done in Great Britain by the province’s official representative. It is a form of advertising service that does not produce such visible returns as cash sales over the counter. But from time to time in the last six years the public of British Columbia has had forceful reminders of the untiring activities of the office at the foot of Regent Street. The invisible dividend – and, of course, there have been many visible results in the form of new settlers and new capital of no mean volume – must have been very considerable and worth a great deal more than the outlay required to produce it.
The financial aspect of the Agent-General’s office, incidentally, is of more than passing importance to the taxpayers of the province. At one time this fine building, of which all British Columbians who go to London are justly proud, was regarded as a very costly luxury; but all that has changed in the last ten years. Mr Pauline told the Canadian Club in Vancouver the other day that the revenue from BC House – a great part of it is rented – pays interest, sinking fund charges, maintenance and running expenses, and contributes $20,000 a year to the cost of work carried on. Indeed, the entire cost to the taxpayers in 1929-1930 was less than five thousand dollars – less than the price of three legislators for seven weeks’ work! Since the substantial change in this regard has been made during Mr Pauline’s regime, there is additional justification for saying he has been an excellent Agent-General.
The first amateur art exhibition in Victoria now open
Yesterday afternoon a party of a hundred or so of artists and their personal friends, who had been invited to be present at the opening of the British Columbia Art Exhibition, held in the spacious rooms in the upper story of the city hall, gathered there. Hon John Robson, who was present by request, formally opened the exhibition, and in doing so made a few remarks congratulating the members upon the fine showing made. He spoke of the fact that such exhibitions as these did much to refine and elevate the public taste. At the close of his remarks he presented the treasurer of the Association with a cheque of $25 to further the work so well begun.
The exhibition was to-day thrown open to the public, and for the next two weeks will prove an attraction to all lovers of the beautiful in art. By night the display is even more beautiful than by day, sixteen powerful electric lights having been placed in position about the room, which has been made cosy by the decorating committee. During the day time the light is also first rate, two large skylights and the windows having given the hanging committee an opportunity to place the pictures in the best possible way. The following ladies and gentlemen are the exhibitors, with the number and class of pictures contributed by each:
Mr T Bamford, 57 landscapes and views; Mr ES Shrapnell, 31, still life and landscapes; Mr Frederick Pauline, 8 landscapes; Mr Roland Lee, 15 figures and portraits; Mr MH Bainbridge, 7 landscapes and cattle scenes; Mr AC West 8 landscapes; Mr Wm Wilson, 9 landscapes; Mr O Chapman, 6 landscapes; Mr GT Fox, Mr S McClure and Mr H Carmichael also contributed.
In this line Messrs J Carpenter, TS Gore, C Soule, TB Norgate, TS Sorby, N Carmichael and R Bayne contributed some excellent work.
In this class the ladies come out in strength. Oil and water colors sketches in black and white, crayons, etc, were plentiful. Some fine painting on china is also noticeable. The exhibitors are Misses Christie, Brady, McMicking, Woods, Campbell, Twiss, Sorby, Spring and Wylde.
In this branch there was only one exhibitor, but the excellence of his work is worthy of mention. Mr EA Harris sends in a cast from a model in clay of Venus Anadyomene. The work is perfect although small, there being evidence of genius in the work.
To give each exhibitor a criticism, or even to mention each picture and its subject would take a page of this paper, and would be a hopeless task. All are of high order and many of an especial character. To unduly praise one would seem like favoritism. The best advice that can be given is to go and see the exhibition of nearly 400 pictures. The treat will be a rare one, and will doubly repay the visitor any expense of time being made. A few hours passed among these works of art is time well spent. To-night and for two weeks to follow, the exhibition will be open in the evenings as well as from 11 in the morning to 5 in the afternoon. The evening hours are from 6:30 to 10:30 pm. Many of the views are for sale, and several have already been disposed of.