Frederick Paulin to his son FA Pauline, 28 Dec 1887

Acock’s Gree, Dec 28th 1887

Dear Fred

I find your very kind contribution by PO has not yet been acknowledged.  It came quite safely opportunely and was very much appreciated.  We had a cheque from grandpa and an useful amount from WH Cutler so that we were in a money most well provided for and with cash we could and did provide a liberal amount of creature comforts for discussion amongst the remaining section of your family who yet linger in the old country.  The Xmas day here Sunday was fairly clear and a shade frosty.  Our vicar preached a suitable sermon we had an advanced scheme in the choir seats and the service was altogether a successful one including some 50 communicants.  At the next stage, the dinner at home the old customs were duly observed and honored, roast beef + plum pudding in a blaze of blue, so fiery that the sprig of holly had to be retire immediately the many expressions of regard for friends afar were heard in the orthodox  manner and such features as I have respond to closed in upon our Xmas


Feast of 1887.  Where will the next be eaten? A great display of fruits emblematic of distant lands then duly appeared as dessert the kingly prize of course had the centre and attracted considerable attention + has much admired: the bananas, grapes, figs, peach, plums, mangos, apples +c clustered around the kingly pins and bid not unsuccessfully for a share of patronage.  The vintage too claimed some considerable patronage and got it.  The old port as well as the old brandy equally acknowledged this not so equally received in acquaintance with the palette.  The fragrant Lowena as well as the growth of ther cherries known as the weed start up their wrath circling in graceful recognition of our best festivities and so we work out the hour until twilight lots us we most now turn an after [illegible] to production of china or assam of course on the occasion all more obliging and amiable and thus we welcomed I may say the emblems


Of countries over the pacific.  You will gather from these not so that with our minds anxiously recurring to past history in our family and with hearts wish more now removed from us (for how long?) we tried to make merry and it is likely we succeeded at least the younger members say so.  Our party was on own and with aunt co that we were unadulterated! May I say so?  Louise came over on Monday, day before yesterday, to put 3 or 4 hours with us and is very well.  I am pleased to tell you your Mama says she has a little dislike to the Xmas fare as ever in fact she believes it agrees with her.  I share that belief – I am happy to say we are pretty well and beyond a slight divergence in feeling the stomachs seem almost as well as usual.  We had a card and a note from Bessie a day or two since.  She writes cheerfully + says tall things of Brooklyn.


And this is cheering to us.  Her address is 449 Dean St Brooklyn, until she moves again. Mama says you will she is in some excuse her writing to you more frequently,  she is hoping to write soon, and she dwells upon the prospect of you coming over some time next year.  I am canvassing as usual for an Hindustani Journal, printed in Hindoo, and my time is spent mostly in Lancashire + Yorkshire.  It is stiff business now trade is so queer still we are getting along it may be worse.  The old folks at Henley write that they are well.  Yours has been the only letter lately – we should like to hear from the others – my time is so taken up + I would write to each, please convey the sentiments in this to each and ask them to accept the cordial good wishes from home and we write in the wish of continued good health and all prosperity from

Your affectionate father. 

Mother’s love and many thanks



WH Cutler is Mary Cutler Paulin’s brother.

The old folks in Henley is reference to the Frederick’s parents George and Sarah Paulin.

Unsure which Aunt stayed with them for Christmas – his sister likely spent her Christmas with her family in Derby, and Mary’s surviving sister likely was with her family in Streatham. It could be a great-aunt which could be from either side of the family. It is unclear.

Louise was not married at this time, but is clearly not living at home.

Frederick Paulin to FA Pauline, 15 Dec c1886-1888

[Date estimated between 1886 and 1888]

Acock’s Green, Wednesday Dec 15

My dear Fred,

Your very acceptable and thoughtful Xmas box came quite safely and has been conferted and gone to reduce our most pressing obligations affording us gratification and relief and fixing a thankfulness to you for such assistance –

We hope the weather at least helps to prepare you for a cheerful time shortly which will have passed and become history by the time this reaches you.  It certainly doesn’t smile here for today a dark dirty fog envelopes everything around and is accompanied by falling snow and sleet which makes everything cold damp dreary and desolate.  We hope this description of climate is now prevailing with you and from your several allusions to the climactic conditions on your side we are consoling ourselves that there are some members of our family who are at least better off as regards weather which is always competent to reuse a lower one to cheers depress and makes the


Existence corresponding by pleasant or intolerable.  We had a fairly indulged autumn up to the last week or two so we suppose the inferior and faulty specimens which appear to have been reserved for a contrast we have to be home, if with a grin

You will have by this time my letter to you respecting spicer’s overture as to you acing for them in Victoria + distric on salary and com + shall be f which will come to get you news in answer to is which will come I dare say in comm

Say when you next write after receiving this whether you would recommend a despatch of “asbestos fire proof” paint to you.  The Asbestos co have divided themselves into two sections latetly, the asbestos will in the future receive district attention from the paint department and the latter will be under the managing directors control, Mountford of Clement S Birm the same who sent out some paint some time since but which didn’t


Reach you.  In the paint department many improvements have been effected and it is now made in all colours the form of paint still provides for out door rough work and the improved is prepared for indoors dados friezes and decorative purposes whilst it is claimed for it great resisting power as to fire or water.  It can be met over other paint if necessary.  For warehouses churches, hospitals, offices, repositories of art + shipbuilding as a safeguard against fire at sea it is of great value.

Mr Cutler who has been in costly litigation with the Mayor +c of Windsor as to the value of the waterworks at Eton which has been take over by that body (council) subject to arbitration as to compensation for same has last week in the House of Lords lost his compensation and has been saddled with the heavy costs.  We are sorry it is so.

We are all pretty well some [illegible] your mother is I am happy to say better she was very unwell a fortnight since from overwork and chill and kept her bed for a few days which rest with


Good nursing mainly no doubt helped her very much.  Ask Ernest to attend to the small charge on the Cyanite freight as Mr Evans of the CPR 88 command wishes it promptly paid + I have not paid it because Ernest told me not to do so and I have informed Mr Evans that my sons with to carry the preliminaries themselves so as to form a precedent for our future – a big future I trust.

We rejoice you write hopefully and quite think more + more that you are all better off and likely to be more so than if you had remained in England.  The Commercial features here are atrociously bad, lifeless

We have in store the plum pudding boiled yesterday and they gave me a taste last evening for tea + my word they are toothsome.  In 10 daysnow (Dr) we shall all be keeping Xmas and the mental telegrams to + fro will be doubtless frequent + festive in memory as in days gone by. 

Your mother has had a nice long letter from Mrs Ernest with which she is much pleased and will write back in a few days.

Hoping you are all well + happy together.

Your Affectionate father.

Cheat sheet

Mrs Ernest – wife of Ernest Paulin, Emma Jane Jennings – already in Victoria

Mr Cutler is Mary Cutler Paulin’s brother William Henry Cutler, who inherited the Windsor and Eton Waterworks from their father John Cutler in 1843. The waterworks were taken over by the city of Windsor, and the letter talks about the fight for compensation which reached the House of Lords

Visit to London – settling father’s estate, 1894

PS Acknowledgements to Taylor Bed


August 1, 1894

7:30 pm

Dear Fred

It is quite clear from your letter sent to hand – 5:30 pm to day and dated 16th July that some letters have gone astray and never reached you.  I have informed written you about the middle of June that my Uncle John left what he had between his brothers William and George(my late father absolutely but had my father died before said Uncle John I was to get his half.  So there is nothing to expect from that source – we shall not appoint new trustees until we get possession of all the papers obtainable


We shall we hope soon be through here now and one heartily sick of the many obstructions we have had to encounter and clear away then we shall get down to Birm and do all we are able to sell the AG House if we don’t succeed to leave instructions for its sale in proper hands.  We shall exercise discretion in the Clifford case.  He has clearly broken covenant in conveyance.  Bob has been thoughtful and kind to us in the way of finance – we hope soon to act said


And are trying to finish of the 2nd inst.  This is the date when we left England in 1888. The “Sarnia” sails on the 24th.  I am glad the samples from Taylor Road have arrived in Taylor Road in every where an advertised firm for Cocoa +C.  Their written terms read thus-

“[illegible] receive on to be forwarded to Taylor Rd and on completion invoices and BH will be sent to us to hand in to buyer who is expected to remit Taylor Rd at once Bank draft at 30 d/s unless they should receive specific instructions from us to hypothecate the documents this the Bank of BC in which case they would be duly protected.


So start on selling if you can.  Show the samples and prices to Charlie tell him the terms.  We get 5% on cocoa chocolate or mustard and 2/s only on chicory – I have sole agency for BC for the cheapest and best soap in the [illegible] Crossfields of Warrington.  Your Mom often talks of the dear ones at Victoria  and seems to be always thinking of you.  She sends her love to you all.  Violet is already dreading the voyage.

We write in much affection from your Dad

We will have written dozens of letters to you amongst you


Frederick Paulin to his son FA Pauline, 26 Apr 1883


Memorandum “La Invincidad” Works

Summer Row, Birmingham

Wm Trott & Co

Cigar Manufacturers

April 26th 1883


My dear Fred

We received yours dated April 7th by last delivery yesterday. It came to hand just as I was finishing a little gardening for want of daylight.  I am getting the place gradually into form in the way of pruning + planting the gravelling and decorative department remains much as when you were here.  The peas are just thro’ and I have saw dusted their rows to keep the birds off. We have had some 10 days or so of really favorable weather since you left, this changed however into a very uncomfortable condition of North East Wind with occasionally an introduction of snow or hail or sleet.  We are all pretty well, the East wind seems to be bent on mischief especially in the way of chills + eye affections, my own + 2 or 3 of the little ones having been inflamed thereby – otherwise the hedges are coming freshly green again and would make rapid progress with more sun + warm showers.  The land is dry and would benefit by some warm rain.  We have some climbing plants viz woodbine + others about the port + brick piers of the bays which I purchased a few days ago at Cave’s Mosely St if these do well + grow freely the front bare effect will


Soon be changed.  The front beds are sowed with annuals having the larger kinds lupins, sunflowers poppies sweet peas +c in the back ground.  We will describe the progress of our floral and vegetable crop as it assumes sufficient importance and interest to be worth notice.  We have a letter from Louise who is as I think I told you in last, at Swansea and has a very comfortable place there with kind people. She writes very cheerfully and will be pleased to be told about your Winnipeg letter.  We are hoping now to hear that your first venture will be a big success in the way remunerative and that your employer will know sooner how to appreciate you that Chas Collins did.  I called there 2 days ago + he gave me the Comm coming to me some 3.11.0 odd.  We are told that his manner has been of the 2 worse than ever since you both left.  Wens to the tiring journey you had in the train and that you have comfortable apartments.  The extra expense provides for it.  Winter seems to linger in the lap of spring with a vengeance this year and we have concluded in hope that you are both well tho’ you do not [illegible] your condition of health.  I shall be interested to follow your impressions as time goes on and opinion on your future.  I am again in an uncertainty of occupation.  Trott is adopting shifting tactics (now that he thinks he has made a connection) by putting me on an impossible commission footing + I am seeking other arrangements with some one else – the best market of course I can find my connection – Trade during the last 3 months has been exceptionally band and cash invisible.  One Richard Paulin kept a bakery some years ago and related to grandpa as a cousin.  Mrs Weyman builders wife was his daughter.  Much love – hoping to hear again.  From your affectionate father FP


Letter from Frederick Paulin to his son FA Pauline, 16 Apr 1883

Acock’s Green, Birm Ap 16 1883

My dear Fred

We have received your 2 letters, 1 from Portland after the pcard from Belfast + the other Ex Chicago date 31 March.  By this time we hope you are settled in Winnipeg and that you find it an improvement on Chicago and approving + encouraging for the future.  By this post comes 2 Henley ado to you like to look through them.  The Brooklyn came to grief within a few hours of leaving Portland on her way back with bilged plates on a ledge of rocks + was logged, she may be got off again, divers at work on the wreck.  We are having a dry time here and some rain will be most acceptable the ground is dry as an ash heap.  Trolb is shifting about in his tactics and things do not look hopeful, he has cut me down to impossible commission which will necessitate some change.  Ernest + George have started in lodgings today in town off the Bristol Road, this will be I hope satisfactory all round.  The choir were pleased to hear you had reached Chicago, so far on your road to your destination.  Mrs Braund have been over her to tea + spend a few homes today she is well and all are anxious for your next letter.  I have found a suitable (I think)place for Louise at Swansea to teach 3 little boys and make herself useful between whiles + got on the 26th inst.  I have sent the box of books cards +c such a handsome lot back to Sutton’s which arrived a day after you had gone.  I wrote Sutton’s that it had come too late and they returned a very nice letter of regret +c that it had not been in time.  They are at TJ+Co pretty miserable I hear, M Charles trying his best to make times very uncomfortable.  Mr Smith appears worried and misses you both very much.  The Henley folks are well.  We heard two days ago.  I forgot to add Suttons will send you out another box of papers books +c whenever you wish it – your Mother + Louise will write you perhaps in this,

From your very affectionate father.


Frederick Paulin to Frederick Arthur Paulin, 2 Apr 1886

hurst hotel

Hurst’s Temperance Hotel

Hood Street


April 2nd 1886


My dear Fred

The enclosed came this morning addressed to me here.  It is doubtless intended for you written to go in another envelope but in the hurry enclosed in the one addressed to me.  You suspect will have the letter intended for me, but I shall know when I return the afternoon to AG.  Poor Mama is I know chaotic just now.  I left the voyagers 4 on the “Adriatic” yesterday afternoon, by my last tender afterwards immediately I took some food and then the boat down the Mersey to New Brighton and stood on the pier there as the “Adriatic” passed at 6:30 pm.  I waved and flew the coloured flag as I did when I left the “Adriatic” but I got no response so I suppose the voyagers were busy below. Our thoughts are always wondering to the lad of the Free – “To the West”


And the general motivation in all round to migrate to you.  Will it be?

It is yet hidden in the “dim and distant future” – may it come out of the huge distance and become an absolute fact! I send you a dressing gown.  Fishers handkerchief and mama some like items.  I have told the voyagers that now amongst them we must have one letter at least weekly.


Much love from your affectionate father.

More about the SS Adriatic, which was the vessel mentioned in the letter above.  The voyagers he is talking about is Ernest and Emma Paulin, Amy Jennings and Herbert Paulin.

Adriatic_(1871) (1)

White Star Liner Adriatic (1871). Oil on Canvas, 22 ¼ x 36 inches. George Parker Greenwood (fl.1870-1904) –

Estate of Thomas Jennings, Yardley, 1891

Birmingham Daily Post, 12 Jan 1891

Re Thomas Jennings, deceased – Pursuant to an Act of Parliament made and passed in the 22nd and 23rd years of the reign of her Majesty Queen Victoria, cap 35, intituled “An Act to Further Amend the Law of Property and to Relieve Trustees.” Notice is hereby given, that all Creditors and Persons having any claims or demands upon or against the Estate of Thomas Jennings, late of Yardley, in the county of Worcester, licensed victualler, deceased (who died on the 26th day of April 1885, and whose Will with a codicil was proved by Walter Jennings, of Yardley, aforesaid, the son of the deceased, and William Mainwaring Sterry of Lawley Street, Birmingham, in the county of Warwick, Hotel Proprietor, the executors named in the said codicil, on the 16th day of June 1885, in the District Registry at Worcester of the probate division of the high court of Justice) are hereby required to send in the particulars of their claims and demands to us, the undersigned, solicitors for the said executors, on or before the 19th day of January instant.  And notice is hereby also given, that after that day the executors will proceed to distribute the assets of the deceased among the parties entitled thereto, having regard only to the claims of which the said executors shall then have notice; and that they will not be liable for the assets or any part thereof, so distributed to any person of whose debts or claim they shall not then have had notice – dated this 8th day of January 1891.

Beale & Co, 3 Newhall Street, Birmingham

Solicitors to the executors


Christmas Meat Show, Birmingham, 1874

Birmingham Daily Post 16 Dec 1874

Christmas Meat Show

James Jennings

Purveyor to Her Majesty

93 Smallbrook Street

Will exhibit on Thursday next

December 17 and following days

Some prime Devon Oxen and Heifer, fed by Sir Thoms Boughey, Bart., Aqualate Hall, Newport, Salep. Four prime short-horn heifers, fed by Mr Isaac Jennings, Yardley, near Birmingham.  Also several shorthorn and Hereford Oxen; also prize sheep from Bingley Hall Show.  Hampshire Downs, bred and fed by Alfred Morrison, Esq, Tisbury, Wilts; Horned Dorset, bred and fed by Herbert Farthing, Esq, Bridgwater Somerset, and a quantity of prime Southdowns, fed by Charles Thornton, Esq Curdworth, near Birmingham.


Obituary – HN Short 1902

Victoria Daily Times, 20 Feb 1902

Well Known Citizen died this Morning

HN Short passed away at his residence, Oak Bay, this morning – He was a pioneer

Death this morning removd one of Victoria’s most widely known pioneers in Henry Short, the Douglas Street gunsmith.  His demise was not wholly unexpected, as he was in the merciless grip of a malady which could have none other than a fatal termination.  He has been ill for many months, but he never recovered from the shock caused by the death of his daughter a short time ago, which, it is believed, hastened his end. Previous to his last attack of illness, a fortnight ago, he was able to get out for a few days, but was shortly afterwards confined to his bed again, growing gradually weaker until this morning, when he expired at his residence, Ross Bay.

Henry Short was a native of Cork, Ireland, where he was born fifty-nine years ago. He came to Victoria in 1862, having left London on the ship Tynemouth, which brought out a large number of well known pioneers, the majority of whom have already passed into the great beyond.

Unlike many of the early comers, he did not fall a victim to the gold fever, and consequently did not embark in mining enterprises. Instead, he engaged at once in the gunsmith business, his first establishment being a little structure near the corner of Pandora and Government streets.  Subsequently he removed his business to Fort Street, where he built up a thriving trade.  He removed to Douglas street about ten years ago, and until his illness was always to be found in his premises as enthusiastic as when he first embarked in business in this city in the early sixties. Mr Short was an active sportsman and an energetic, skillful votary of both the gun and rod. He was full of life and hearty spirits, of a benevolent disposition, and will be greatly missed by a large circle of friends and acquaintances.

He was a past master of Victoria Lodfe, AOUW and a member of the Pioneer Society.

He was an ardent lover of music, and many a time in the good old days delighted the pioneers by his splendid voice.  He was a leader of Christ Church Cathedral Choir for many years, and subsequently recently conducted the choir of the Reformed Episcopal Church.

He leaves a widow, a daughter and two sons, Nugent and Richard.  Further notice of the funeral will be given.


Victoria Daily Times 20 Feb 1902


Short – At his residence, “Pineville”, Ross Bay, on the 20th instant, Henry Short, a native of Cock, Irleand, aged 59 years.  Due notice of the funeral will be given.

Obituary – Alice Nugent Short, 1907

Victoria Daily Times, 18 April 1907

Death of an Old-Timer

After a lingering illness Mrs Alice Short passes away

The death occurred last evening at Pine Villa, Fairfield road, of Alice, widow of the late Henry Short, of this city.  The deceased came to Victoria in 1868 and was one of the pioneers of this province. She died after a lingering illness, during which she suffered from paralysis.  Her age was 66, a native of Dublin, Ireland, and sister of the late Archdeacon Nugent, of Westmeath, who for many years was chaplain to the Primate of Ireland.

Her husband Henry Short, was one of the best known men in the city, having come out here in 1862. He was a gunmaker by trade.

The deceased leaves to mourn her loss two sons, Henry Nugent of this city, and Richard, who is now in Butte, Montana, one daughter, Susan, who is employed in the Government buildings and three grandchildren.

The funeral has been arranged to take place on Saturday afternoon from the family residence at Pine Ville.short